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(DV) Sklar: CEO Pay Still on Steroids







CEO Pay Still on Steroids
by Holly Sklar
May 12, 2005

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How would you like a 54 percent pay raise? That's how much pay jumped last year for the chief executives of the 500 largest U.S. companies, reports Forbes magazine.

Worker pay is shrinking, the economy is stalling, the trade deficit is growing and the stock market is below 1999 levels, but CEO pay is still on steroids.

The highest paid CEO in 2004 was Yahoo's Terry Semel, who hauled in $230.6 million. That's more than $4 million a week.

Yahoo is on the Lou Dobbs Tonight list of companies "sending American jobs overseas, or choosing to employ cheap overseas labor, instead of American workers." It would take the pay of 7,075 average American workers to match the pay of Yahoo's CEO.

William McGuire of UnitedHealth Group, the nation's leading insurer, was the third-highest paid CEO on the Forbes list. His pay of $124.8 million could cover the average health insurance premiums of nearly 34,000 people.

"While executives are richly compensated, patients are tightening their belts," Dr. Isaac Wornom, chairman of the Richmond Academy of Medicine, wrote last year. "Premiums, deductibles and co-pays are up, while benefits continue to shrink. One million Virginians -- that's one out of seven -- have no health insurance at all, and this number is increasing... Half of the uninsured work full-time for small businesses that simply can't afford the inflated rates."

CEOs can win big even when the company loses. Merck, for example, had to pull its Vioxx pain medication off the market because it increases stroke and heart attack risk, and Merck stock was down 28 percent last year, but then-CEO Ray Gilmartin got a supposedly performance-based bonus. His total 2004 compensation was $37.8 million, he received new grants of 90,000 shares of stock and 250,000 stock options, and he'll make more annually in retirement than average workers earn in their lifetimes.

CEO pay averaged $10.2 million in 2004, counting salary, bonus and other compensation such as exercised stock options and vested stock grants.

Full-time worker pay averaged just $32,594. That's 11 percent less than 1973's average worker pay of $36,629, adjusting for inflation, although worker productivity rose 78 percent between 1973 and 2004.

In 1973, CEOs made 45 times as much as workers, according to pay expert Graef Crystal. In 1991, when Crystal said the imperial CEO "is paid so much more than ordinary workers that he hasn't got the slightest clue as to how the rest of the country lives," CEOs made 140 times as much as workers. Last year, CEOs made more than 300 times as much.

Executive pay now takes more than double the bite out of company earnings it did a decade ago, report Lucian Bebchuk, Harvard Professor of Law, Economics and Finance, and Yaniv Grinstein of Cornell University's School of Management in a recent study. Looking at data for thousands of publicly traded companies, Bebchuk and Grinstein found that pay for the top five company executives rose from 4.8 percent of aggregate net company income during 1993-1995 to 10.3 percent of aggregate net income during 2001-2003.

While workers are having a tougher time making ends meet, CEOs are getting perks worth more than worker paychecks. CEO freeloaders expect perks such as lifetime use of company jets, chauffeured cars, company apartments, club memberships, sports tickets, financial planning, personal assistants and more.

In CEO World, the more money you make, the less you should have to pay for.

While worker pensions are increasingly unavailable or unreliable, CEO retirement gives new meaning to "the golden years."

CEO robber barons are increasingly stashing their loot in guaranteed pensions, deferred compensation, guaranteed consulting fees -- no actual consulting necessary -- and other postretirement perks and compensation to avoid shareholder scrutiny and sidestep the new rule for companies to treat stock options as expenses.

As Lucian Bebchuk and Jesse Fried, co-authors of "Pay Without Performance," explained in a 2004 report, "camouflaged compensation" generates less outrage, is less tied to performance and "allows executives to reap benefits at the expense of shareholders."

Making matters worse, CEOs earning more than their fair share are being rewarded with huge tax cuts.

Workers and their families are paying the biggest price as CEOs milk their companies and our country like cash cows.

Holly Sklar is coauthor of Raise the Floor: Wages and Policies That Work for All Of Us ( She can be reached at hsklar@aol.comDistributed by Knight Ridder/Tribune Information Services. Copyright (c) 2005 Holly Sklar

Other Articles by Holly Sklar

* Is This Your Ownership Society?
* Imagine Gore Running for Re-election with Bush's Record
* Boom Time for Billionaires
* War and Tax Cuts
* Help Mom Break That Glass Ceiling
* Outsource CEOs, Not Workers
* Wealthy Taxpayers Bank on Bush
* Don't Get Duped Out of Your Social Security
* Bush's Budgets Make us the Irresponsible Generation
* An Urgent Apollo Project Here on Earth 
* Two Americas Ring in the New Year
* Deadly Tunnel Vision in Iraq
Raw Deal for Workers on Minimum Wage Anniversary

* CEO Pay Still Outrageous

* Working-Class Soldiers, Upper-Class Tax Cuts

* Racial Gaps Still Wide This King Holiday